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1.
后发企业的知识整合能力提升研究   总被引:10,自引:0,他引:10  
陈力  宣国良 《情报科学》2005,23(12):1892-1898
在信息网络化、竞争全球化以及知识更新高速化的压力下,后发企业要想迅速赶上并超过领先企业必须依赖于知识整合能力。我们首先综述了前人关于知识整合的理解,界定了知识整合能力的内容。然后将知识整合能力分解为知识的吸收能力、共享能力、系统化能力和发展能力等四个子能力进行研究,分析了影响这些能力的因素,并根据后发企业的特点提出了相应的解决策略。接着分析了这四个子能力的协同和联动机理,指出它们是相互依赖并密切相关的。最后提出了未来研究的相关方向。  相似文献
2.
全球制造网络中本地企业知识获取实证研究   总被引:6,自引:2,他引:4  
探讨全球制造网络中我国本地企业知识获取的影响因素,认为本地企业吸收能力、网络嵌入性影响企业知识获取及绩效。并以160家与国际旗舰企业有制造合作行为的本地企业为样本进行实证研究,对提出的概念模型及假设进行验证,结果表明,本地企业吸收能力对本地企业知识获取及企业绩效有正的影响,而网络嵌入性对获取外部知识的能力与本地企业知识获取的正相关关系具有调节作用,本地企业知识获取在吸收能力影响企业绩效的关系中起中介作用。  相似文献
3.
摘要:龙头企业的知识扩散对区域创新的带动效果及其作用路径是产业集群研究的重要议题,同时也是实践界关注的重要领域。已有研究认为,龙头企业知识扩散的创新带动效果受到扩散路径与中小企业吸收能力的影响,其中扩散路径通常被划分为基于非正式交流和基于协作关系两种。根据浙江省3个产业集群内的156家中小企业的调查数据,本文的实证研究发现,龙头企业知识扩散对本地中小企业的创新带动作用存在一个重要的条件,即知识扩散路径与中小企业吸收能力应当形成匹配。企业吸收能力弱时,龙头企业知识通过非正式交流进行扩散能够实现有效的创新带动。企业吸收能力强时,龙头企业知识通过协作关系进行扩散能够实现有效的创新带动。  相似文献
4.
The current paper is concerned with exploring the role of absorptive capacity in extending the reach of innovation-related collaboration in high technology small firms. Drawing on survey data from a sample of 316 Dutch high-tech small firms, engaged in 1245 collaborations, we explore the relationship between R&D expenditure and distance to collaboration partners. In general terms, we find most partners to be ‘local’. However, controlling for a variety of potential influences, higher R&D expenditure is positively related to collaboration with more distant organizations. The implications of our results for policy, practice and future research are discussed.  相似文献
5.
后发优势、吸收能力与追赶型增长的区域差异   总被引:4,自引:0,他引:4  
通过对后发优势假说和吸收能力假说的实证检验,认为初始收入水平低蕴含的后发追赶潜力只是一种外在的可能性,其实现需要积累足够高的吸收能力.从中国区域经济来看,初始收入水平最低的西部地区追赶的潜力最大,初始收入水平最高的东部地区由于吸收能力较高追赶的能力也大大加强.  相似文献
6.
An increasing number of studies have examined the impact of collaborative networks on product innovation performance, but have produced inconsistent results. This research contributes to existing literature by examining how absorptive capacity affects the relationships between different types of partners and product innovation performance. The sample used in this research is drawn from the Taiwanese Technological Innovation Survey (TTIS) database. A moderated hierarchical regression approach is used to analyze the models, which are further explored by firm size and industry type. Some interesting findings appear. First, absorptive capacity positively moderates the impact of vertical collaboration on the performance of technologically new or improved products. Second, the effect of absorptive capacity on the relationship between supplier collaboration and the performance of new products with marginal changes varies based on firm size and industry type. Third, absorptive capacity negatively affects the relationship between customer collaboration and the performance of marginally changed products. Fourth, absorptive capacity positively affects the relationship between competitor collaboration and the performance of new products with marginal changes for large firms. Fifth, absorptive capacity negatively affects the relationship between collaboration with research organizations and the performance of technologically new or improved products. On the contrary, absorptive capacity positively affects the impact of collaboration with research organizations on the performance of marginally changed products. These results enrich current understanding of the relationships between collaborative networks and product innovation performance.  相似文献
7.
智力资本、吸收能力与组织创新关系研究   总被引:4,自引:0,他引:4  
智力资本与组织创新之间的关系,以及吸收能力与组织创新之间的关系已经得到相关研究的支持.然而,智力资本、吸收能力与组织创新三者之间的关系并不明朗.分别检验智力资本(人力资本、组织资本和社会资本)对吸收能力的影响,以及吸收能力对组织创新的作用.发现吸收能力在智力资本与组织创新之间扮演中介角色,表明企业拥有的智力资本转化为吸收能力后,对组织创新产生影响,从而进一步揭示智力资本与组织创新之间的作用机制.  相似文献
8.
This paper aims to understand better the innovation potential of a firm’s alliance network. Here we analyze the role of an alliance network in terms of the technological distance between partners, a firm’s network position (centrality) and total network density. We study how these three elements of an alliance network, separately and in combination, affect the ‘twin tasks’ in exploration, namely novelty creation on the one hand and its efficient absorption on the other hand. For an empirical test, we study technology-based alliance networks in the pharmaceutical, chemical and automotive industries. Our findings indicate that successful exploration indeed seems to require a delicate balance between these two exploration tasks. A second conclusion is that different network positions yield different pay-offs in terms of the number of explorative patents. In other words, success rates for exploration are not spread equally across firms. However, position alone does not tell the full story. Our empirical findings clearly indicate that exploration success also depends on the other two dimensions of embeddedness, namely technological distance and network density. The three elements of network embeddedness need to be considered jointly in order to understand their complementary effects on both novelty creation and absorptive capacity.  相似文献
9.
戴魁早 《科学学研究》2008,26(3):626-632
运用协整检验、误差修正模型和Granger因果检验等计量方法,对我国自主创新能力、技术吸收能力与经济增长之间关系进行了实证研究。结果表明,三者之间存在长期稳定的均衡关系,自主创新能力和技术吸收能力分别是经济增长的Granger原因;从长期看,两者对我国的经济增长都具有促进作用,且自主创新能力对经济增长的影响比较明显。我国为此应该采取相关对策,促进自主创新能力和技术吸收能力的提升。  相似文献
10.
This article empirically investigates the relationship between innovation activities of firms, their use of appropriation instruments and their absorptive capacity. We study a wide range of manufacturing and service industries, not just high-tech, and a wide range of innovation activities, not just R&D. We use multilevel logit models for complex samples to disentangle industry from firm-specific effects. We find that within an industry, firms that invest in appropriation instruments to reduce outgoing spillovers tend to conduct more R&D and downstream activities than firms that do not. Acquisition of technology is not related to the use of appropriation instruments. The effects of incoming spillovers (measured through absorptive capacity) on innovation activities of firms are industry specific and stronger for firms that invest in appropriation instruments. For this type of firm, both the capability to scan the external environment for technology and the capability to integrate new technology are related to the innovation activities. For firms that do not invest in appropriation instruments, only scanning capabilities are related.  相似文献
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